Fatores preditivos da evolução da PHDA


To outline initial as well as subsequent predictors of long-term adult outcome in ADHD.


Long-term controlled prospective follow-up studies will be reviewed to identify initial and subsequent factors which may influence adult outcome in ADHD. Predictive factors would include individual characteristics of the child, e.g., IQ, type and severity of ADHD symptoms, and comorbidity; family parameters, e.g., SES, parent pathology, child-rearing practices; and treatment, e.g., type, duration, etc. The particular contribution of some of these factors for particular outcomes will also be explored. 


The interaction and additive effects of characteristics of the child, family parameters, and treatment all influence outcome. The persistence of symptoms into adulthood and comorbid conduct disorder in adolescence are important negative predictors which may be influenced by continued delays in brain maturation.


Predictors of long-term outcome in ADHD involve the interaction and additive effects of child, family parameters, and possibly treatment. Delays in brain maturation may influence persistence of ADHD which can result in more negative outcome.

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